Roses have symbolized love and beauty for thousands of years. Today, more than 15,000 different types of rose species and varieties are cultivated worldwide. And roses are surprisingly adaptable; you can find them growing in almost every country in the world. Follow these steps to add the unique romance and beauty of roses to your garden.
Roses come in a variety of forms, from miniature to climbing. They're grown for their attractive and often fragrant flowers, which bloom mainly in early summer and fall. Whichever variety you choose, roses grow best in rich soils amended with compost or garden soil, like Miracle-Gro® Garden Soil for Roses. In many cases, you'll have an easier time growing roses in raised planters or bermed beds - sloped beds that tend to be isolated from the rest of your landscape so soil quality can be managed and maintained.
Roses love water, but don't drown them. They don't like to sit in water, and they'll die if the soil is too wet in winter. The ideal soil is rich and loose, with good drainage. Soak the entire root zone at least twice a week in dry summer weather. Avoid frequent shallow sprinklings, which won't reach the deeper roots. And avoid watering the leaves, to help prevent fungal problems.
To help conserve water, reduce stress and encourage healthy growth, apply a 3-inch layer of mulch around your roses, keeping it at least 3 inches away from the base of the stem. Roses are also hungry and like to be fed. Specially formulated rose food, such as Miracle-Gro® Water Soluble Rose Plant Food will encourage robust growth and beautiful blooms.
Roses have a reputation for being prone to disease and insects. Many of the most common diseases are less prevalent in the Southwest because of the lower humidity in the region. Occasionally, aphids and cane borers can affect the plants, so be on the lookout. And don't forget your deer friends - roses are a delectable tidbit, so try planting lavender adjacent to them. Not only will you have the makings of a nice potpourri, but the scent of lavender will discourage browsers. You can also spread human or dog hair around the garden area.
Roses must be pruned to keep them looking their best. Prune to remove dead, diseased or damaged wood, which might harbor insects and disease. Pruning is also helpful to keep large roses under control. Learn more in the article "How to Prune a Shrub Rose."