Small Space Gardening
Growing Hot Peppers
Add some kick to your gardening with this attractive, tasty plant
1. Choose Your Peppers
Pick hot pepper varieties to fit your tastes. Grow mild varieties like anaheim or poblano peppers. Or kick up the heat with medium varieties such as hot banana or the classic jalapeño. Feeling daring? Go full blaze with habañero peppers, which have a distinctive citrus flavor lurking beneath all that spice. Or plant a new-to-you variety and get experimenting in the kitchen. Whichever varieties you choose, start with strong, vigorous Bonnie Plants® so you'll already be well on your way to harvest.
2. Know Your Spice Level
The heat in hot peppers is ranked on the Scoville scale, which measures the amount of capsaicin they contain. Hot peppers range from mild hot cherry pepper (100-500 Scoville Heat Units), to medium-heat jalapeño (2,500-5,000), to the very hot serrano (15,000-30,000), all the way to the extremely spicy habañero (100,000-300,000) and ghost pepper (over 1,000,000).
3. Grow Your Hot Peppers From Seed
All pepper seeds need warm soil to germinate, so, in all but the hottest climates, start them indoors 40-60 days before transplanting time, following the spacing and depth instructions on your seed packets. Transplant seedlings to the garden about 2 weeks after the last frost date. Plant in loose, well-draining soil amended with compost or garden soil, like Miracle-Gro® Garden Soil for Vegetables & Herbs. To prevent transplant shock, consider applying a starter plant food such as Miracle-Gro® Quick Start® Planting & Transplant Starting Solution.
4. Water, Weed and Feed
For strong plants and a good crop of peppers, keep the garden weed-free and water enough to keep the soil thoroughly moist. Adding a 3-inch layer of mulch, like Scotts® Nature Scape® Advanced Color Enhanced Mulch, will help prevent weeds and keep the soil moist. Feed with Miracle-Gro® Water Soluble All Purpose Plant Food every 7-14 days. Feeding is especially important while the plants are flowering. If your pepper plants get tall and start to droop, use stakes or tomato cages to prop them up.
5. Pick Your Peppers
Harvest hot peppers anytime for fresh use, but leave them on the plant until fully ripe if you want to dry them. Cut them off with scissors or pruning shears to avoid tearing the stems. You might want to wear gloves when harvesting or handling hot peppers (especially really hot ones like habañeros) to avoid getting capsaicin on your skin.