Xeriscaping: Guide to Water-Friendly Gardening
Find out how to make the best use of water in your garden, especially in dry areas
Select and Group Plants Appropriately
Group plants with similar light, water and soil requirements together. Your plants will thrive because they're being grown in the right location. You'll save water, not to mention aggravation, by avoiding mixes of sun- and shade-loving plants or wet- and dry-loving plants. If drought is a concern in your area, be sure to select drought-tolerant plants (see "Drought Tolerant Plants: Defy the Dry").
Use Water Wisely
In your gardens, minimize the use of overhead watering, where up to 90% can be lost to evaporation. Instead use drip irrigation or a soaker hose, which target the water directly to the plant roots. Watering is more efficient if you do it early in the morning. Water your plants infrequently and deeply to encourage deep, sturdy root systems, which will help them stand up to hot, dry conditions.